Glossary

acronym
A group of capital letters formed using the first initial of a set of words.

Backspace
A key on the keyboard used to delete characters to the left of the cursor.

blog
Short for “web log.” A website with a personal journal that is usually updated often.

Caps Lock
A key on the keyboard that capitalizes all letters when pressed.

chat room
A virtual room used to communicate in real time with other people.

computer virus
A destructive program that spreads from computer to computer which may be capable of damaging software and/or erasing your files.

Delete
A key on the keyboard used to delete characters to the right of the cursor.

e-mail
E-mail is short for electronic mail, the transmission of messages over communications networks.

e-mail address
An electronic postal address with a username and domain name. (Example: username@aol.com) 

e-mail client
Software that allows you to create an account to send and receive e-mail messages. (Examples: Microsoft Outlook, Yahoo!, AOL, or Gmail).

e-mail server
A computer used to send e-mail that works as an Internet post office.

emoticon
A symbol made using characters from the keyboard to express feelings online.

Enter
A key on the keyboard used to complete a command or move down to the next line.

input device
A device used to enter information into the computer.

instant messaging
Messages that are electronically exchanged with another person in real time, often using nicknames. 

Internet
A worldwide network connecting millions of computers.

multimedia
The integration of text, graphics, sound, and animation using a computer.
netiquette
Appropriate behavior while using the Internet.

online encyclopedias
A collection of encyclopedias on the Internet. 

output device
Device that receives data from a computer.

peripheral device
A piece of computer hardware that is connected to a computer. 

plagiarism
To use someone else’s writing and label it as your own. 

podcast (term comes from "iPod" and "broadcasting")
Audio and video files that are downloaded from a website to be played on a computer or a mobile device.

search engine
A website designed to search the Internet for a particular topic.

Shift
Press and hold this key, then press another key to make a capital letter.

software
A program designed for use on computers. For example, Microsoft Word or Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing.

spam
An unwanted message that is considered junk mail.

storage device
A device that reads and writes data to media such as magnetic disks, optical discs, or flash drives.

Tab
A key on the keyboard that indents a line of text when pressed.

videoconferencing
A real-time video and audio communication over the Internet with two or more people in different locations.

virtual field trip
A visit to websites to learn about a particular topic through unique online experiences. 

VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol)
A real-time transmission of voice signals over the Internet.

web browser. Software that allows you to locate and view web pages on the World Wide Web, such as Mozilla Firefox or Microsoft® Internet Explorer.

website
A location on the World Wide Web maintained by a group, company, or individual that includes a home page and various links containing information.

World Wide Web
A network of web pages that can be viewed using a web browser.

© 2004 International Society for Technology in Education


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Computer Hope - Dictionary and Glossary

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